7 Road safety, nonmotorised vehicles, motor cycles and urban transport

Road crashes kill more people than malaria worldwide, with the cost to developing countries estimated at USD 100 billion per year. With one of the highest incidents of road crashes in the world, Uganda is no exception to this trend. Its capital city, Kampala, suffers from major traffic congestion; addressing this problem means providing an efficient and affordable public transport system. In rural areas, the cost of running motorised vehicles is prohibitive in relation to rural incomes; protecting these vulnerable road users means encouraging the use of affordable non-motorised vehicles that provide access to vital services and employment and help reduce air pollution.

This section provides details on the level of road crashes and fatalities in Uganda; steps being taken by the government to reduce crashes and fatalities, and action associated with the Decade of Action for Road Safety initiative; an evaluation of the true cost of crashes prepared by the International Road Assessment Programme; and guidelines prepared by the World Bank on preventing road traffic injury. It also provides details on a public transport policy for Kampala and a policy for nonmotorised transport, together with a set of design guidelines for non-motorised transport.